11 life-changing inventions you never knew were born in Hull
Professor George Gray with a phial of Biphenyl Liquid Crystal and a digital display
By Hull Daily Mail | Posted: 7 May 2019
Hull is responsible for some pretty amazing inventions.
From an adored food product which is synonymous with the whole county, to technology which has become integral in everything from televisions to smartphones, the city can take credit for an impressive list of things.
Many of the items in this list will be used by people across the country on an almost daily basis, but few even in Hull would know their origins all lie right here in the city.
Take a look at the list below, and see how many of Hull's top inventions you have in your home or use.
1) The boiled sweet
Enjoyed by millions of people across the world, the humble sugary treat was born right here in Hull.
Sweet manufacturer Needlers, founded in the city in the 19th century, was the first to produce the confectionery, which can now be found on the shelves of stores all over the globe.
Needlers produced boiled sweets and hundreds of other forms of confectionery, before the company was sold in 1986.
Dettol was launched in 1932 by Hull firm Reckitt & Sons (now RB).
It was first used in hospitals 80 years ago for cleaning and disinfecting skin during surgical procedures.
Dettol was also used to protect mothers from illness after childbirth. Ever since, Dettol liquid has been trusted around the world to help clean wounds caused by cuts, bites, grazes, insect stings and to help parents protect their families from germs.
3) Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
LCD technology was honed by Professor George Gray at the University of Hull some 40 years ago.
It has gone on to be an integral part of everything from smartphones to flat-screen televisions.
4) The Venn diagram
The Venn diagram was invented by John Venn, who was born in Hull in 1834.
It was first introduced in 1880 to represent mathematical or logical sets as overlapping circles or curves.
The University of Hull has paid tribute to Venn by naming a building after him.
5) The pattie
Does anywhere else have a patty? (Hull Daily Mail)
Perhaps open to debate this one, but the pattie has become one of the best-loved and most commonly-associated foods in Hull.
In fact, the deep-fried potato and herb snack has become synonymous with the city.
Most people in Hull would like to say the pattie has its roots in the city, and unless anyone can prove otherwise, we'll stick with it.
Lemsip is from Hull (Birmingham Mail)
Another Reckitts product, Hull is the birthplace of Lemsip.
A household name today in the treatment of colds and flus, where would many a parent be without Lemsip when they have a poorly child at home?
7) Association football
The first rules for Association Football to be written down and adopted by the FA were devised by Ebenezer Cobb Morley, who was born in Hull and lived at 10 Garden Square, Princess Street, Hull, until he was 22.
In 1863 he wrote to Bell's Life newspaper proposing a governing body for the sport, which led to the first meeting that created the FA.
He was its first secretary (1863-1866) and second president (1867-1874) and drafted the first laws at his home in Barnes, London.
8) Frozen Yorkshire puddings
Aunt Bessie's was sold by William Jackson last summer for £210m (Richard Addison)
Aunt Bessie's made the first mass-produced frozen Yorkshire puddings for Butlins holiday camps in 1974.
The company hit the headlines last year when it was sold by former owner William Jackson Food Group to Nomad Foods in a deal worth more than £200m.
Today, more than 600 million Yorkshire puddings are made in Hull every single year.
Gaviscon Infant powder (Sunday Mirror)
The final Reckitts product to make up this list, Gaviscon joins Lemsip and Dettol to have its roots firmly planted in Hull.
There are doubtless other health and home products invented and manufactured by RB in Hull, and the city can be proud to be the birthplace of some of the country's best-known brands.
10) Cream telephone boxes
In 1904, Hull City Council was one of several local authorities to set up its own phone network.
Back then it was called Hull Telephone Department and today it is KCOM. It had cream phone boxes.
All of the communications in the city were originally run by the city council, which sold its final stake in 2007, and so all of the phone boxes are cream, not the red that BT uses.
11) Ultrasound to spot osteoporosis
The bone-density scanner, now widely used to detect osteoporosis, was developed at the University of Hull.
Professor Chris Langton developed an early detection system for osteoporosis using ultrasonic waves in the 1980s after discovering his grandma needed a hip replacement.
His research and subsequent scanner has revolutionised the detection of osteoporosis and is used in hospitals throughout the world.
His scanner was listed in Eureka UK's list of "100 discoveries and developments in UK universities that have changed the world."